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Animal Movement Across Scales$
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Lars-Anders Hansson and Susanne Åkesson

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677184

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677184.001.0001

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Beyond dispersal: the role of animal movement in modern agricultural landscapes

Beyond dispersal: the role of animal movement in modern agricultural landscapes

(p.51) Chapter 4 Beyond dispersal: the role of animal movement in modern agricultural landscapes
Animal Movement Across Scales

Henrik G. Smith

Klaus Birkhofer

Yann Clough

Johan Ekroos

Ola Olsson

Maj Rundlöf

Oxford University Press

In this chapter three major concepts relating animal population dynamics to landscape change mediated by animal mobility are outlined: meta-population/community dynamics (affecting many habitat specialists), spillover (affecting e.g. ground-living predators), and landscape complementation (affecting e.g. central-place foragers). It is shown that all three concepts contribute to current understanding of animal population dynamics in production landscapes, and that animals differ fundamentally in the extent to which the concepts are applicable. Therefore, it is argued that general recipes such as ‘reduce fragmentation’, ‘increase connectivity’, or ‘increase ecological heterogeneity’ may not provide a universal solution for conserving animals in contemporary agricultural landscapes. In addition, although animal movement studies have contributed to the understanding of biodiversity conservation in farmland, current knowledge about animal mobility is still limited. Thus research based on emerging methods such as landscape genetics or novel methods of tracking small animals is essential for increasing basic understanding of animal mobility.

Keywords:   agricultural intensification, central-place forager, ground-living predator, habitat specialist, landscape complementation, metapopulation, spillover

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