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Animal Movement Across Scales$
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Lars-Anders Hansson and Susanne Åkesson

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677184

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677184.001.0001

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Individuality in movement: the role of animal personality

Individuality in movement: the role of animal personality

(p.90) Chapter 6 Individuality in movement: the role of animal personality
Animal Movement Across Scales

Jan-Åke Nilsson

Christer Brönmark

Lars-Anders Hansson

Ben B. Chapman

Oxford University Press

This chapter links behavioural types to movements across different scales such as local movements, dispersal, and migration. In many animal groups, the combination of traits results in dispersive and sedentary phenotypes. Such dispersal behavioural syndromes shape processes at the population level, including metapopulation dynamics, range expansions, and the success of invasive species. In all these processes, newly established populations are likely not composed of random behavioural types but of active, explorative, and asocial individuals. Population dynamics will shift towards sedentary and social behavioural types as populations grow older. Awareness of between-individual differences in dispersal behaviours is also important in conservation projects involving reintroducing species, whereby a mix of personalities will be more successful than a single personality type. In species of partial migration, the decision to migrate depends on personality. Thus, the frequency of different behavioural syndromes on spatiotemporal scales can have a large influence on a population’s movement patterns.

Keywords:   personality, behavioural syndrome, dispersal, partial migration, exploration

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