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Is the Planet Full?$
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Ian Goldin

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677771

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677771.001.0001

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How can 9–10 Billion People be Fed Sustainably and Equitably by 2050?

How can 9–10 Billion People be Fed Sustainably and Equitably by 2050?

(p.104) 6 How can 9–10 Billion People be Fed Sustainably and Equitably by 2050?
Is the Planet Full?

H. Charles J. Godfray

Oxford University Press

Chapter 6 examines how population growth will affect global food supply and distribution. It shows that the world is burdened with a paradox—a pandemic of obesity in tandem with malnourishment and hunger—that is likely to intensify. People in developed countries spend less proportionately than ever on food, while higher prices in low-income countries have triggered civil unrest. Moreover the ‘nutritional transition’ is creating volatility by pushing the world’s poor into a more varied and resource-intensive diet. Adding the challenge of climate change prompts the chapter to outline a recipe for global calamity. Fortunately, it also suggests ways this may be avoided: sustainable intensification of food production; altering global diets; reducing food waste and production inefficiency; and addressing global governance issues that warp world food markets. Failure to adopt such measures, the chapter warns, means the planet may be full whilst people’s stomachs are empty.

Keywords:   food production, food distribution, hunger and malnourishment, obesity, diets and habits, food waste, nutritional transition, agriculture, climate change, governance

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