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On Complicity and Compromise$
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Chiara Lepora and Robert E. Goodin

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199677900

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677900.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 September 2021

Assessing Acts of Complicity

Assessing Acts of Complicity

A General Framework

(p.97) 6 Assessing Acts of Complicity
On Complicity and Compromise

Chiara Lepora

Robert E. Goodin

Oxford University Press

This chapter develops a formula for assessing the blameworthiness of an act of complicity. That is analysed as a function of: the badness of the principal wrongdoing; responsibility for the contributory act (itself a function of voluntariness and knowledge); the extent of contribution to the principal wrongdoing (along the several dimensions discussed in Chapter 4); and the extent of shared purposes with the principal wrongdoer. Sharing the purposes of the principal wrongdoer is a separate wrong that might or might not also be committed by agents who contribute complicitly in a causal way to the principal wrongdoing, and blame for that separate wrong should be added to blame for their causal contribution in assessing their overall pro tanto blameworthiness. On balance assessments taking into account many other considerations can reverse those pro tanto judgments. The working of the formula is illustrated by application to ten classic cases arguably involving complicity.

Keywords:   complicity, pro tanto blameworthiness, badness of wrongdoing, responsibility for contributory act, extent of contribution, extent of shared purposes

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