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Cosmopolitanism versus Non-CosmopolitanismCritiques, Defenses, Reconceptualizations$
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Gillian Brock

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199678426

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678426.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 August 2021

The Social and Institutional Bases of Distributive Justice

The Social and Institutional Bases of Distributive Justice

(p.198) 10 The Social and Institutional Bases of Distributive Justice
Cosmopolitanism versus Non-Cosmopolitanism

Samuel Freeman

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that distributive justice is institutionally based. Certain cooperative institutions are basic in that they are necessary to economic production, trade, and distribution of economic product. These background institutions require principles of justice to specify their terms and determine the distribution of rights, powers, and responsibilities attending economic activity. Primary among these basic institutions is the legal institution of property; also laws and conventions enabling sales, exchanges, gifts, inheritances, and other transfers; and contracts and other instruments that make transfers possible and productive. Political institutions are necessary to specify, interpret, and enforce these institutions. As such, basic economic institutions are primarily social in nature, realizable only within the context of social and political cooperation. Given the nature of social cooperation as a kind of reciprocity, distributive justice, I conclude, is primarily a question of social justice too. This account does not preclude the application of requirements of economic justice to international institutions.

Keywords:   distributive justice, cooperative institutions, economic cooperation, institutions, cooperation, reciprocity

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