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Cosmopolitanism versus Non-CosmopolitanismCritiques, Defenses, Reconceptualizations$
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Gillian Brock

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199678426

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678426.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 July 2021

The Cosmopolitanism Controversy Needs a Mid-Life Crisis

The Cosmopolitanism Controversy Needs a Mid-Life Crisis

(p.272) 14 The Cosmopolitanism Controversy Needs a Mid-Life Crisis
Cosmopolitanism versus Non-Cosmopolitanism

Richard W. Miller

Oxford University Press

To what extent should the egalitarian economic goals characteristic of social democrats extend worldwide? Philosophers’ current controversy over cosmopolitanism is meant to shed light on this question, but illumination is blocked by overly strict construals of the justice at issue, the fruitless search for a single relation on which the relevant moral claims are based, and unproductive fixation on a stringent philosophical version of cosmopolitanism. Liberation from these constraints begins with inquiry into the diverse moral foundations of domestic egalitarianism, which include duties of fair provision, mutual concern, and non-domination, yielding Rawlsian standards as helpful guidelines. These same considerations entail global political duties which are non-cosmopolitan in some ways, cosmopolitan in others: relationships among compatriots play an independent role in duties of primary importance for peoples’ lives, but transnational relationships and global responsibilities are vitally important, sometimes making transnational demands of justice more burdensome than justice toward compatriots.

Keywords:   cosmopolitanism, global justice, John Rawls, egalitarianism, social democracy, mutual concern, compatriots

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