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Cosmopolitanism versus Non-CosmopolitanismCritiques, Defenses, Reconceptualizations$
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Gillian Brock

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199678426

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678426.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 July 2021

Concluding Reflections 1

Concluding Reflections 1

(p.294) 15 Concluding Reflections1
Cosmopolitanism versus Non-Cosmopolitanism

Thomas Pogge

Oxford University Press

Critically engaging fellow authors Blake, Sangiovanni, Meckled-Garcia, and Freeman, this chapter proposes to characterize cosmopolitanism through the principle that the ensemble of global rules and practices should be formulated in a way that is justifiable by reference to the equally-weighted needs and interests of all human beings. Permitting human agents to prioritize their relatives, friends, and compatriots in other contexts, cosmopolitanism requires them to be impartial insofar as they play a role in the design, interpretation, or enforcement of global rules and practices. Diverse specifications of this global impartiality requirement define different variants of cosmopolitanism. As the impact of global rules and practices on human life prospects intensifies, the self-restraint cosmopolitanism requires from the most powerful states and their most influential constituents becomes more demanding. Refusing such “sacrifice,” these agents are responsible for rendering the global institutional order increasingly unjust by cosmopolitan lights.

Keywords:   cosmopolitanism, global order, impartiality, justice, Michael Blake, Andrea Sangiovanni, Saladin Meckled-Garcia, Samuel Freeman, cosmopolitan, moral equality

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