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Cosmopolitanism versus Non-CosmopolitanismCritiques, Defenses, Reconceptualizations$
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Gillian Brock

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199678426

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678426.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 August 2021

Is There Really a “Global Human Rights Deficit?”

Is There Really a “Global Human Rights Deficit?”

Consequentialist Liability and Cosmopolitan Alternatives

Chapter:
(p.111) 6 Is There Really a “Global Human Rights Deficit?”
Source:
Cosmopolitanism versus Non-Cosmopolitanism
Author(s):

Saladin Meckled-Garcia

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678426.003.0006

This chapter argues that contrary to a popular “minimal cosmopolitan” argument, citizens of affluent states are not complicit in violating the human rights of the global poor just because they participate in the global economic order. That argument alleges complicity on the basis that they have some causal relationship to a system of causes that, as a system, has foreseeable and avoidable negative effects. However, complicity in a violation implies complicity in an action that wrongs a person. Yet causal connection to a system with foreseeable and (theoretically) avoidable harmful outcomes is not sufficient for wronging others. Culpability requires an unreasonable imposition (whether direct or negligent) of harm/risk by some agent. Unreasonable personal or collective actions, in this sense, are not behind global poverty and the “the global order” is not an agent. The chapter also argues that there are better ways to morally critique global poverty than through alleging personal complicity in collective violations.

Keywords:   human rights, violation, poverty, global economic order, cosmopolitanism, agency objection, human rights deficit, poverty, culpability

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