This chapter shows how it is possible to perceive various sorts of explanatory or reason-giving relations—causal relations, constituent relations, and justificatory relations. In each case, it is the imagining of counterfactual possibilities that supports perception. A subsection criticizes the view that there is a radical difference between mental states and physical states, or between causal relations and justificatory relations. The chapter ends by detailing the epistemic and practical advantages to having perceptual (versus non-perceptual) knowledge.
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