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Asian Data Privacy LawsTrade & Human Rights Perspectives$
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Graham Greenleaf

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199679669

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679669.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 April 2021

Assessing Data Privacy Enforcement in Asia—Alternatives and Evidence

Assessing Data Privacy Enforcement in Asia—Alternatives and Evidence

(p.506) (p.507) 18 Assessing Data Privacy Enforcement in Asia—Alternatives and Evidence
Asian Data Privacy Laws

Graham Greenleaf

Oxford University Press

This chapter compares the enforcement measures of the 11 Asian jurisdictions with data privacy laws, the scope and principles of which were compared in the previous chapter. Comparison commences with the question of what type or types of enforcement agencies are used (data protection authority, or ministry-based), and their independence. Methods of reactive enforcement are then compared, including investigation types and types of enforcement measures (compliance orders, administrative fines, criminal prosecutions, compensation, etc). Systemic methods of enforcement are then compared. Transparency, the evidence of enforcement, is compared. Finally, the extent to which Asian data privacy laws meet the goals of ‘responsive regulation’ is discussed.

Keywords:   data protection, privacy, Asia, enforcement, transparency, responsive regulation

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