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On the Topology and Future Stability of the Universe$
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Hans Ringström

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199680290

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680290.001.0001

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Models, fitting the observations, with arbitrary closed spatial topology

Models, fitting the observations, with arbitrary closed spatial topology

Chapter:
(p.634) 34 Models, fitting the observations, with arbitrary closed spatial topology
Source:
On the Topology and Future Stability of the Universe
Author(s):

Hans Ringström

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680290.003.0034

In Chapter 34, we demonstrate that, given any closed 3-manifold, there are models of the universe, fitting the observations, with the pre-specified spatial topology. In this respect, the observations do not impose any global restrictions on the topology.

Keywords:   universe, topology, model, observations

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