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Handbook of Trade Policy for Development$
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Arvid Lukauskas, Robert M. Stern, and Gianni Zanini

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199680405

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680405.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 October 2021

Intellectual Property Rights: Economic Principles and Trade Rules *

Intellectual Property Rights: Economic Principles and Trade Rules *

(p.740) Chapter 23 Intellectual Property Rights: Economic Principles and Trade Rules*
Handbook of Trade Policy for Development

Carsten Fink

Oxford University Press

Developed countries, which host the world’s largest creative industries, have been the key advocates for comprehensive minimum standards of protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights (IPRs), the Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) at the WTO, and TRIPS-plus provisions in their FTAs. By contrast, many developing countries see themselves mostly as consumers of intellectual property and feel stronger standards of protection serve to limit access to new technologies and products and undermine their development prospects. For developing countries and especially middle-income countries, stronger IPRs can bring benefits of increased trade, foreign direct investment, and technology transfer. For small developing economies, stronger IPRs may lead to rent transfers to foreign title holders. Overall, their acceptance by developing countries cannot be explained by expected economic benefits, but has to be understood as a quid pro quo for preferential market access in developed country markets for agricultural and manufactured goods.

Keywords:   Intellectual property rights, IPRs, TRIPS, TRIPS-plus, patents, copyrights, trademarks, geographical indications, benefits, technology access

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