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The Future of BioethicsInternational Dialogues$
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Akira Akabayashi

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199682676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 October 2021

Commentary

Commentary

Eugenics in Society: A Sociological and Historical Consideration

Chapter:
(p.154) 4.2 Commentary
Source:
The Future of Bioethics
Author(s):

Yasutaka Ichinokawa

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0017

Eugenics, or the prenatal selection of human beings, comprises two different types: the old eugenics, based on coercive measures; and the new (or liberal) eugenics, based on individual choices. The main objective of eugenics, however, has never changed since its birth at the end of the 19th century. Disability studies address social environments that urge such selection (or exclusion) of people with disabilities, and claim social reform rather than disseminating the new technology of eugenics. On the other hand, victims of the old eugenics must be compensated, as their human rights were violated. This is especially true for the Japanese society, in which non-voluntary sterilization was practiced primarily in the 1950s and 60s.

Keywords:   Eugenics, Disability Studies, Non-voluntary Sterilization, Japan

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