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The Future of BioethicsInternational Dialogues$
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Akira Akabayashi

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199682676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 October 2021



Are ‘Brave’ Parents Practicing Eugenics, Enhancement, or Something Else?

(p.159) 4.3 Commentary
The Future of Bioethics

Michelle L. McGowan

Oxford University Press

Expert bioethics discourse on human enhancement may be informed and grounded by the perspectives of users of so-called enhancement technologies, such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Rather than enhancement technologies creating a technological imperative to enhance one’s offspring, empirical research engaging the perspectives of PGD users suggests that attitudes towards moral obligation may be more limited to familial decision-making than the social and political stage. While the use of PGD has the potential to reinforce existing social hierarchies and generate new forms of social inequality, empirical research suggests that these concerns are not shared by the actual and prospective users of PGD. Thus, the expert bioethics discourse on PGD and other enhancement technologies may be out of step with the matters of importance to the users of the technologies.

Keywords:   Eugenics, genetic enhancement, preimplantation genetic diagnosis, reproductive decision-making

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