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The Future of BioethicsInternational Dialogues$
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Akira Akabayashi

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199682676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.001.0001

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Thomas Murray’s Enhancement of a Bioethics of Enhancement

(p.205) 5.2 Commentary
The Future of Bioethics

Carl Becker

Oxford University Press

Murray suggests that fairness, harm-avoidance, and meaning-making are criteria that might render biological enhancements ethically acceptable. Murray’s position is more socially, temporally, and ethically robust than the individualistic tendencies latent in the Belmont/Beauchamp mantra. The author’s critique challenges him to clarify distinctions latent in fairness, harm-avoidance, and meaning-making values. It further questions the unity or disparity of values in sports, and the cultural (or universalizable?) grounds for values. It concludes that when our greed for capital wealth destroys our environment; when our self-aggrandizement destroys human (or international) relationships; when our search for eternal youth destroys our understanding of what it means to mature as a human--then bioethicists must challenge these social values and seek to balance them with wisdom, compassion, and understanding of the human condition.

Keywords:   enhancement, bioethics, sustainability, equity

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