Thomas Murray’s Enhancement of a Bioethics of Enhancement
Murray suggests that fairness, harm-avoidance, and meaning-making are criteria that might render biological enhancements ethically acceptable. Murray’s position is more socially, temporally, and ethically robust than the individualistic tendencies latent in the Belmont/Beauchamp mantra. The author’s critique challenges him to clarify distinctions latent in fairness, harm-avoidance, and meaning-making values. It further questions the unity or disparity of values in sports, and the cultural (or universalizable?) grounds for values. It concludes that when our greed for capital wealth destroys our environment; when our self-aggrandizement destroys human (or international) relationships; when our search for eternal youth destroys our understanding of what it means to mature as a human--then bioethicists must challenge these social values and seek to balance them with wisdom, compassion, and understanding of the human condition.
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