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The Future of BioethicsInternational Dialogues$
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Akira Akabayashi

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199682676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.001.0001

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Response to Commentaries

Response to Commentaries

(p.224) 5.5 Response to Commentaries
The Future of Bioethics

Thomas Murray

Cameron R. Waldman

Oxford University Press

Interpretations, procedural considerations, and practical challenge need to be taken into account when ethical principles are translated into public policy. Understanding the ethics of enhancement requires that we take seriously substantive questions about what deserves to be valued and what forms of public good justify limits on individual liberty. The authors advocate an approach—careful attention to context and particulars, values and meanings—that can be applied within each sphere of human endeavour. Understanding whether any particular biomedical enhancement is or is not morally justified requires an inquiry into the values and meanings of that particular sphere of human activity. Because context is so central to the full moral analysis of any putative enhancement, broad generalizations of the form “enhancement technology X is always good/bad, justifiable/unjustifiable” will often be unenlightening. In the end, we must engage with fundamental questions about values, meanings, and flourishing.

Keywords:   Ethics, enhancement, liberalism, Rawls

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