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The Future of BioethicsInternational Dialogues$
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Akira Akabayashi

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199682676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 October 2021

Primary Topic Article

Primary Topic Article

Ethics Without Borders? Why the United States Needs an International Dialogue on Living Organ Donation

(p.449) 13.1 Primary Topic Article
The Future of Bioethics

Mark P. Aulisio

Nicole M. Deming

Donna L. Luebke

Miriam Weiss

Rachel Phetteplace

Stuart J. Youngner

Oxford University Press

Globally, efforts to increase organ supply have included increasing the numbers of living organ donors. A 2009 study of living kidney donation indicated a growth rate of 50% or more over the last decade more in 62% of the 69 countries studied, with almost 40% of all kidney transplants worldwide coming from live donors by 2006 (Horvatt, Shariff, and Garg, 2009). In the U.S., the numbers of living organ donors actually surpassed those of deceased donors over a three year period from 2001-2003 and growth in living donation outpaced that of deceased donation by more than 3-2 from 1996 to 2005 (www.optn.org/latestData/rptData.asp). This growth raises a number of ethical questions. This chapter (1) identifies and articulates ethical challenges for living organ donation in the U.S., (2) offers suggestions for meeting these challenges, and (3) sounds a call for international dialogue as these ethical issues are without national or international borders.

Keywords:   organ donation, transplantation, live donors, kidney donation, ethical issues

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