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The Future of BioethicsInternational Dialogues$
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Akira Akabayashi

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199682676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 October 2021

Commentary

Commentary

What is ‘Substantive Public Health Ethics’?1

Chapter:
(p.539) 15.2 Commentary
Source:
The Future of Bioethics
Author(s):

Keiichiro Yamamoto

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0071

Public Health Ethics Angus Dawson proposes is indeed radical in that it parts companies with the view of traditional bioethics in which forms of liberalism remain dominant. It is also substantive in that it starts with the nature of public health as practice. In these respects, his idea of public health ethics is significant. However, further clarification is needed, for instance, for the requirement of having no prior commitment in relevant values, and his method of framing public health ethics. First, despite his intention, this requirement may also stand for neutrality or tolerance, which are emphasized in liberal bioethics. Second, he appears to advocate a bottom-up approach to establishing public health ethics, but this approach seems to lack an external critical scrutiny of public health practice, which is of great importance especially when its political nature is taken into consideration.

Keywords:   Public health, liberalism, value pluralism, political philosophy, Japanese segregation of leprosy patients

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