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The Future of BioethicsInternational Dialogues$
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Akira Akabayashi

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199682676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.001.0001

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Three Problems with Treatments for Parkinson’s Disease

(p.75) 2.4 Commentary
The Future of Bioethics

Yukihiro Nobuhara

Oxford University Press

Three points concerning treatments for Parkinson’s disease are indicated. First, treatments with uncertain results may be necessary, for without them, patients might turn to pseudoscientific treatments as a last hope, which could cause serious side effects. Second, while maintaining self-identity is desirable in many cases, it may be preferable to make a break with the past self and be reborn as a new person; in other words, treatments causing a loss of self-identity may be permissible in some cases. Third, the mechanistic brain model may be harmful for treatment for two reasons: first, the rational cognitive functions in folk psychology are realized holistically by the total activity of a wide range of brain regions, along with various other cognitive functions. Second, each brain region may have its own specific function, but these functions are not independent of each other; they are interactively dependent.

Keywords:   Pseudoscientific treatment, self-identity, rebirth, rational cognitive function, folk psychology, brain function

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