The idea that prediction error minimization is the central principle for the brain is introduced, the central argument in the book is described, and its three main parts are set out. Part 1 describes and explains the theory, drawing on work on computational neuroscience and cognitive science. Part 2 applies the theory to the way we manage to perceptually represent the world, and how we can get the world wrong. Part 3 discusses how the theory applies to aspects of the mind such as attention and consciousness, and looks at what it tells us about the nature of mind in the world. This introductory chapter also situates the theory in historical, philosophical and neuroscientific contexts.
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