This chapter is an attempt to appraise Lotze’s achievement. While Lotze’s critique of naturalism and materialism was successful in at least questioning these predominant worldviews, his own attempt to create a metaphysics for the new scientific age was less successful, resting on an ungrounded neo-romantic metaphysics of love. Yet Lotze was ahead of his time in attempting to forge a general worldview uniting the realms of normativity and nature, validity and existence.
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