This chapter introduces the Doctrine of Doing and Allowing: the claim that doing harm is harder to justify than merely allowing harm. It argues that rejecting the Doctrine of Doing and Allowing would require radical revision of our moral judgements. Nonetheless the Doctrine of Doing and Allowing requires defence. It shows that proper understanding of the Doctrine allows us to avoid some common objections. The distinction between doing and allowing is different from the distinction between action and inaction, but that the two distinctions are related.
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