Analysis of Intuitions
We are clearly required to aid others in some situations, for example if we see a child drowning in a pond. The Part III of the book explores the extent and limits of our obligations to aid. This chapter shows that according to intuitions about cases, we are required to make substantial sacrifices to aid when personally involved in an emergency, i.e. when we are close to the victim, the unique potential saviour or we have had a personal encounter with the victim. The chapter thereby responds to part of Peter Unger’s that our intuitions about cases do not reflect a morally relevant different between the Pond case and cases in which we are asked to donate to famine relief and so the Pond cases suggests that the typical member of an affluent nation is required to give most of his or her income away to famine relief.
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