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Democratic Justice and the Social Contract$
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Albert Weale

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199684649

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684649.001.0001

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Political democracy in the great society

Political democracy in the great society

Chapter:
(p.159) Chapter 6 Political democracy in the great society
Source:
Democratic Justice and the Social Contract
Author(s):

Albert Weale

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684649.003.0006

Although deliberative theorists sometimes stress the importance of representation, the participatory political institutions of common property resource regimes cannot be directly transferred to great societies. A good representative system will combine the functions of aggregation and representation. Political equality directly implies proportional representation. Majority voting in the legislature is the counterpart principle. Even when shifting coalitions of parties are decisive according to the rule of the issue-by-issue median, this does not negate a meaningful sense of deliberative rationality. Liberal constitutionalism cannot plausibly be made consistent with the democratic principle and counter-majoritarian institutions are deficient. The public reasoning of representative democracies involves a contest over the warrant of decision premisses and a bargaining to mutual advantage where disagreement persists

Keywords:   representation, deliberative democracy, Lijphart-Powell typology, issue-by-issue median, social planner, liberal constitutionalism, public reasoning

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