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Teaching EpidemiologyA guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine$
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Jørn Olsen, Naomi Greene, Rodolfo Saracci, and Dimitrios Trichopoulos

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199685004

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685004.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 November 2020

Dental epidemiology

Dental epidemiology

Chapter:
(p.429) Chapter 23 Dental epidemiology
Source:
Teaching Epidemiology
Author(s):

Georgios Tsakos

Vibeke Baelum

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685004.003.0023

This chapter introduces dental students to epidemiology by using characteristics of oral conditions to facilitate understanding of basic epidemiological principles and study designs. For example, indices for dental caries and periodontal diseases (the two most common oral diseases) are well suited to introduce measuring not only prevalence and incidence but also extent and severity of disease. The cumulative nature of dental caries provides a good teaching example for life course epidemiology, while the epidemiological literature on sugars and caries can serve to illustrate the strengths and limitations of ecological studies. In addition, the extensively researched associations between periodontal disease and general health conditions can facilitate understanding of causal inference, confounding, and ways of controlling for confounders. Finally, the epidemiological profile of oral diseases and the risk factors they have in common with other chronic conditions can inform teaching on public health strategies and the use of epidemiological data for planning.

Keywords:   epidemiology, dental, dental caries, periodontal disease, study design

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