Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Teaching EpidemiologyA guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Jørn Olsen, Naomi Greene, Rodolfo Saracci, and Dimitrios Trichopoulos

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199685004

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685004.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 January 2021

Clinical epidemiology

Clinical epidemiology

(p.444) Chapter 24 Clinical epidemiology
Teaching Epidemiology

John A. Baron

Henrik Toft Sørensen

Harold C. Sox

Oxford University Press

Clinical epidemiology is the application of quantitative techniques to clinical issues such as diagnosis, treatment, and assessment of disease risk and prognosis. The discipline relies heavily on basic concepts of biostatistics and epidemiology, and these are applied in a clinical context to provide an evidence base for clinical care. Additional important methodological tools include concepts of validity and precision, measures of agreement and disagreement, and survival analysis. These are used to measure disease occurrence and prognosis, assess variability in medical information, and develop, validate, and apply clinical scales and prediction rules. Clinical trials involve the concepts of randomization, unbiased outcome assessment, and the intention-to-treat analysis. Quantitative approaches to diagnosis and testing and expected value decision analysis are topics unique to clinical epidemiology. Screening and prevention are also important, requiring an understanding of concepts such as lead time and length-biased sampling as well as appropriate measures of benefit.

Keywords:   clinical epidemiology, clinical trials, diagnosis, decision analysis, screening

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .