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Ascetic Pneumatology from John Cassian to Gregory the Great$
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Thomas L. Humphries, Jr.

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199685035

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685035.001.0001

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Off the Map at Lérins: An Augustinian Response to Arianism

Off the Map at Lérins: An Augustinian Response to Arianism

(p.99) 5 Off the Map at Lérins: An Augustinian Response to Arianism
Ascetic Pneumatology from John Cassian to Gregory the Great

Thomas L. Humphries

Oxford University Press

This chapter addresses the reception of Augustine’s theology in the context of Gallic anti-Arian positions. It argues that the theologians who were formed at the monastery of Lérins were Augustinian theologians, though they had a limited understanding of Augustine’s Trinitarian theology. While other modern scholars have argued that Faustus of Riez and Caesarius of Arles are bad Augustinians, this chapter argues that the Lérinians never knew certain facets of Augustine’s theology. They are not “bad” Augustinians because they rejected anything, but rather, they were ignorant of Augustine’s second exegetical rule. Just as Prosper’s Augustinianism was focused in a particular (Pelagian) controversy, the Lérinian theologians demonstrate another kind of Augustinianism which was focused on Gallic Arian controversies. This chapter argues that Caesarius’ theology is not directly responsible for canons adopted at Orange because they rely on a different pneumatological focus than Caesarius demonstrates in his texts.

Keywords:   Lérins, Vincent of Lérins, Faustus of Riez, Caesarius of Arles, Augustine, exegetical rule, Arian, mission, procession, Eusebius Gallicanus

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