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The Evolution of Memory Systems - Oxford Scholarship Online
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The Evolution of Memory Systems

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham


Clinical observations and animal experiments have shaped the prevailing view of human memory. This doctrine holds that the “medial temporal lobe” subserves one memory system for explicit or declarative memories while the basal ganglia subserves a separate memory system for implicit or procedural memories, including habits. Cortical areas outside the medial temporal lobe are said to function in perception, motor control, attention, or other aspects of executive function, but not in memory. The Evolution of Memory Systems advances dramatically different ideas on all counts. It proposes that seve ... More

Keywords: brain evolution, declarative memory, explicit memory, habit, memory system, procedural memory, representational system, specialized representation

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780199686438
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Elisabeth A. Murray, author
National Institute of Mental Health in Bethesda, Maryland, Head of the Laboratory of Neuropsychology

Steven P. Wise, author
National Institute of Mental Health in Bethesda, Maryland, Former Chief of the Laboratory of Neurophysiology and Chief of the Section on Neurophysiology of the Laboratory of Systems Neuroscience

Kim S. Graham, author
University of Cardiff, Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience