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Human-Wildlife ConflictComplexity in the Marine Environment$
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Megan Draheim, Francine Madden, Julie-Beth McCarthy, and Chris Parsons

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199687145

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687145.001.0001

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Conflict and Collaboration in Marine Conservation Work

Conflict and Collaboration in Marine Conservation Work

Transcending Boundaries and Encountering Flamingos

(p.97) 6 Conflict and Collaboration in Marine Conservation Work
Human-Wildlife Conflict

Sarah Wise

Oxford University Press

Marine protected areas (MPAs) are increasingly used to manage targeted species. In order for protected areas to be effective conservation measures, strong public support is needed. Protected areas are dynamic spaces of human and interspecies interaction. Human engagement with MPAs as well as the species they are designed to protect is often fraught with deep-rooted social conflict. Conflicts often arise regarding rightful tenure, access to space, and use of resources; however, just as these interactions can provide opportunity for conflict, they also allow for the possibility of collaboration, resolution, and greater understanding. Protected areas are perceived very differently according to different ideas about the role and value of nature, historical experiences within a given environment, and cultural paradigms. Using the Westside National Park expansion project in Andros Island, Bahamas, in the Caribbean as a case study, this chapter explores the levels of conflict associated with disputes surrounding resource access and tenure systems in order to better understand the challenges of park implementation and marine conservation. Using the levels of conflict model to analyze the dispute over land tenure and access to marine resources, this chapter addresses the complexity and scope of the conflict surrounding protected areas conservation. Ignoring key issues underlying the conflict surrounding conservation projects will compromise policy goals as well as jeopardize the well-being of the people relying on the area for survival.

Keywords:   marine protected areas, Caribbean, Bahamas, marine conservation, conflict, tenure

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