Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich CountriesThirty Countries' Experiences$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Brian Nolan, Wiemer Salverda, Daniele Checchi, Ive Marx, Abigail McKnight, István György Tóth, and Herman G. van de Werfhorst

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199687428

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687428.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 31 October 2020

Rising Inequality in Japan

Rising Inequality in Japan

A Challenge Caused by Population Ageing and Drastic Changes in Employment

(p.393) Chapter 17 Rising Inequality in Japan
Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries

Miki Kohara

Fumio Ohtake

Oxford University Press

Japanese income inequality started to increase gradually in the 1980s, increased significantly during the late 1990s, and more slowly since. The increase in the late 1990s was accompanied by a smaller share of income for low-income groups. Poverty rose especially among people aged 20–39 years and children up to ten years, while it declined among the elderly. The first main factor for this widening gap is population ageing: an increasing share for older people who generally have higher inequality and lower incomes. Another factor is drastic changes in employment. In response to the long-lasted economic recessions since the late 1990s, many Japanese firms avoided recruiting full-time employees and instead hired part-time, contract, and dispatched workers, because of the sizable cost of employment adjustments. Since non-standard employees’ average earnings are lower than those of full-time employees, increasing non-standard employment and labour market segmentation have caused the income dispersion to widen.

Keywords:   income inequality, drivers of inequality, ageing, Japan, hiring, non-standard employment, poverty, child poverty, low-income groups

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .