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Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich CountriesThirty Countries' Experiences$
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Brian Nolan, Wiemer Salverda, Daniele Checchi, Ive Marx, Abigail McKnight, István György Tóth, and Herman G. van de Werfhorst

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199687428

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687428.001.0001

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When Growing Background Inequalities Meet Resilient Institutions*

(p.126) Chapter 6 Belgium
Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries

Tim Van Rie

Ive Marx

Oxford University Press

Belgium is one among the few OECD countries where income inequalities did not increase substantially over the course of the past three decades. This stability is all the more remarkable, given the degree of economic openness and internal diversity, both of which increased over time. While there is evidence of growing background inequalities (on the basis of region, country of birth, and education), a mature welfare state and intricate institutional framework seem thus far to have contained inequality, as well as a number of potential social, political, and cultural impacts.

Keywords:   stable inequality, welfare state, education, Belgium, regions, social impacts, health, poverty, political participation, social investment

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