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Ark of CivilizationRefugee Scholars and Oxford University, 1930-1945$
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Sally Crawford, Katharina Ulmschneider, and Jaś Elsner

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199687558

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687558.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 November 2021

Academic Refugees in Wartime Oxford

Academic Refugees in Wartime Oxford

An Overview

(p.50) 2 Academic Refugees in Wartime Oxford
Ark of Civilization

Anthony Grenville

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a broad overview of the Jewish refugee academics who had fled from the Nazis after 1933 and spent the wartime years in Oxford. It aims to provide a broad-brush account of their conditions of life, work, and the social milieu in which they lived, which is contrasted with the situation in Cambridge. Testimony from contemporary witnesses includes that of the British Beatrix Walsh, wife of a don at Merton College; the German-Jewish refugee Nelly Wolffheim, a noted child psychologist; and refugee composer and academic Joseph Horovitz, who was a student at Oxford during the war and whose father, the publisher Béla Horovitz (Phaidon Press), was at the centre of refugee intellectuals in wartime Oxford. This circle allows us insight into the way that the refugee academics were drawn to Oxford, formed groups there, and interacted amongst themselves and with their British and Anglo-Jewish peers.

Keywords:   Beatrix Walsh, Béla Horovitz, Cambridge, Joseph Horovitz, Nelly Wolffheim

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