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Receptions of Newman$
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Frederick D. Aquino and Benjamin J. King

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199687589

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687589.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 07 July 2022

The Protestant Reception of the Essay on Development, 1845–1925

The Protestant Reception of the Essay on Development, 1845–1925

(p.9) 1 The Protestant Reception of the Essay on Development, 1845–1925
Receptions of Newman

Benjamin J. King

Oxford University Press

Within the culture of British Protestantism in which John Henry Newman wrote An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine (1845), the development of doctrine was not a live option in historiography, although this was to change over the subsequent eighty years of the Essay’s reception. Across the spectrum of Evangelicals, liberals, High Churchmen, the Essay’s first reviewers united in a chorus of criticism. At the end of the nineteenth century, although Newman’s Essay was still criticized, it was acknowledged to have anticipated developmentalism in the study of history and science. By the early twentieth century, Newman had contributed to making development an accepted opinion among British Protestants. Although many Modernist liberals agreed with High Churchmen that the Essay itself held a minimal view of doctrinal change, the former relished and the latter feared the implications of the theory for development in theology.

Keywords:   John Henry Newman, development, Evangelicals, High Churchmen, historiography, liberals, Modernists, Protestantism, reception, theology

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