Chapter 12 moves from biblical hermeneutics to the representation of Christ himself both as an object of faith and as a historical figure. Analysis of Eusebius’ Demonstration of the Gospel shows that he held that our salvation rested both on the real humanity of Christ and on his supernatural acts; for this reason he gave more discussion than previous apologists to the reasons for the crucifixion. At the same time he celebrates the divinity of Christ in a manner that makes it impossible to style him simply an Arian. In the second half of the chapter, the versified harmony of the Gospels by Juvencus is shown to be not simply a slavish imitation of Roman models (chiefly Virgil) but an extended demonstration of the now familiar claim that the gospel makes explicit the truths that were dimly intimated in pagan literature. An appendix summarizes the arguments of Eusebius’ Theophany.
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