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Religions of the Constantinian Empire$
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Mark Edwards

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199687725

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687725.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 November 2021

Jews and Judaism

Jews and Judaism

(p.158) Chapter 8 Jews and Judaism
Religions of the Constantinian Empire

Mark Edwards

Oxford University Press

Chapter 8 examines the position of the Jews in the Roman Empire under Constantine, beginning with the evidence for rabbinic activity in Palestine and the origin of the patriarchate. Noting that Jewish texts of late antiquity are hard to date, it suggests that the Sefer Yetzirah may have exercised some influence on Christian speculation in the fourth century. Christian attitudes to Jewry and Judaism in this period are illustrated chiefly by Eusebius’ remarks in his Preparation for the Gospel and Life of Constantine; the beginnings of Christian veneration for Palestine and the Holy City can be studied in the work of the Bordeaux Pilgrim. The final section assesses the attitude of Constantine, as evinced by his legislation.

Keywords:   Judaism, Palestine, patriarch, rabbinate, Sefer Yetzirah, Bordeaux Pilgrim, Eusebius of Caesarea, Jerusalem, Helena, Cross

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