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Religions of the Constantinian Empire$
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Mark Edwards

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199687725

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687725.001.0001

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Jews and Judaism

Jews and Judaism

Chapter:
(p.158) Chapter 8 Jews and Judaism
Source:
Religions of the Constantinian Empire
Author(s):

Mark Edwards

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687725.003.0008

Chapter 8 examines the position of the Jews in the Roman Empire under Constantine, beginning with the evidence for rabbinic activity in Palestine and the origin of the patriarchate. Noting that Jewish texts of late antiquity are hard to date, it suggests that the Sefer Yetzirah may have exercised some influence on Christian speculation in the fourth century. Christian attitudes to Jewry and Judaism in this period are illustrated chiefly by Eusebius’ remarks in his Preparation for the Gospel and Life of Constantine; the beginnings of Christian veneration for Palestine and the Holy City can be studied in the work of the Bordeaux Pilgrim. The final section assesses the attitude of Constantine, as evinced by his legislation.

Keywords:   Judaism, Palestine, patriarch, rabbinate, Sefer Yetzirah, Bordeaux Pilgrim, Eusebius of Caesarea, Jerusalem, Helena, Cross

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