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Population in the Human SciencesConcepts, Models, Evidence$
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Philip Kreager, Bruce Winney, Stanley Ulijaszek, and Cristian Capelli

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199688203

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688203.001.0001

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Networks, Strata, and Ageing

Networks, Strata, and Ageing

towards a compositional demography of vulnerability

(p.257) Chapter 9 Networks, Strata, and Ageing
Population in the Human Sciences

Elisabeth Schröder-Butterfill

Oxford University Press

Drawing on ethnographic and demographic fieldwork in rural Indonesia, this chapter provides a methodology for identifying subpopulations within a community relevant to understanding vulnerability in later life. Combining local differentials, such as socio-economic strata and availability of children, indicates vulnerable subgroups, but falls short of explaining outcomes in later life, which are shaped by network memberships. Examination of contrasting kinship networks in the study community, and how they are aligned with broader societal changes, makes possible a typology of network populations and their operation. Once older people are located within different network subpopulations, their differential vulnerability need no longer be modelled purely on individual or household characteristics, but can be understood as the outcome of manoeuvrings of the networks to which they belong. That elders’ needs and priorities are rarely of central concern to key agents within the networks underlines the limitations of treating ‘the older population’ in isolation.

Keywords:   ageing, Indonesia, compositional demography, networks, socio-economic strata, vulnerability

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