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Population in the Human SciencesConcepts, Models, Evidence$
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Philip Kreager, Bruce Winney, Stanley Ulijaszek, and Cristian Capelli

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199688203

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688203.001.0001

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Residence Patterns and the Human-Ecological Setting in Historical Eastern Europe

Residence Patterns and the Human-Ecological Setting in Historical Eastern Europe

a challenge of compositional (re)analysis

(p.431) Chapter 15 Residence Patterns and the Human-Ecological Setting in Historical Eastern Europe
Population in the Human Sciences

Mikołaj Szołtysek

Oxford University Press

Western social scientists and demographers have typically seen Central and Eastern Europe as the locus of complex family organization and familistic societal values. This chapter argues for a less stereotypical image of families outside Western Europe. Drawing on an unprecedented collection of census microdata from historical Poland, Belarus, and Ukraine, and combining demography with socio-economic history and anthropology, it identifies and differentiates multiple subpopulations in the area. Significant variations in household formation, marriage, residence patterns, and welfare functions of the family group separate these subpopulations, encouraging us to examine social, ecological, economic, and cultural factors that influence people’s decisions regarding domestic group membership. This compositional approach questions the existence of a demographically uniform Eastern Europe. The revealed diversity of family forms and the rhythms of their development should free us from the simplistic view not only of the continent’s familial history, but also of standard units of population as homogeneous.

Keywords:   historical demography, family history, compositional demography, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, marriage patterns, household formation, Hajnal

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