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Experiencing European IntegrationTransnational Lives and European Identity$
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Theresa Kuhn

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199688913

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688913.001.0001

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Linking Transnationalism to Citizen Orientations towards European Integration

Linking Transnationalism to Citizen Orientations towards European Integration

(p.39) 3 Linking Transnationalism to Citizen Orientations towards European Integration
Experiencing European Integration

Theresa Kuhn

Oxford University Press

Chapter 3 develops the theoretical framework further by linking individual transnationalism to orientations towards European integration. It first discusses the dependent variables of this book, i.e. European identity and EU support. Building on Deutsch’s transactionalist theory, the chapter develops a set of hypotheses on the conditions under which individual transnationalism leads to attitude change. The core argument can be summarized as follows. First, due to the highly stratified distribution of transnational interactions across society, relatively few Europeans are actually triggered to adopt a European mindset by interacting across borders. Second, not all European interactions automatically influence orientations towards European integration: their effectiveness depends on their purpose and scope. Third, increased transnational interactions can cause negative externalities with respect to the people who are not transnationally active themselves. The chapter concludes by outlining how this argument is translated into empirical research.

Keywords:   theory, Karl Deutsch, security community, transactions, collective identity, interest, social stratification, integration–demarcation divide, European integration

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