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Experiencing European IntegrationTransnational Lives and European Identity$
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Theresa Kuhn

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199688913

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688913.001.0001

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The Social Stratification of Individual Transnationalism in Europe

The Social Stratification of Individual Transnationalism in Europe

(p.78) 5 The Social Stratification of Individual Transnationalism in Europe
Experiencing European Integration

Theresa Kuhn

Oxford University Press

Chapter 5 highlights the social stratification of individual transnationalism using an analysis of Eurobarometer survey data (2006, 2007). The findings show that individual transnationalism is by no means a mainstream phenomenon. Relatively few Europeans interact across borders on a regular basis, while the majority remain (predominantly) within the confines of their nation state. In all models, high education, high socio-economic status, age, and residence in urban and border areas are strong predictors of transnational behaviour. Results suggest profound differences among citizens from different member states. Subsequent analyses test the effect of a country’s degree of transnationalization, measured by the KOF index of globalization, as well as its economic prosperity, geographical position and population size. People from wealthier and more globalized countries are more transnational. Also, a country’s size is inversely related to the transnationalism of its citizens.

Keywords:   individual transnationalism, social stratification, education, occupation, life course effect, cohort effect, border residence, GDP per capita, globalization

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