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Family Background and University SuccessDifferences in Higher Education Access and Outcomes in England$
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Claire Crawford, Lorraine Dearden, John Micklewright, and Anna Vignoles

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199689132

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689132.001.0001

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Have Recent Funding Reforms Widened the Family Background Gaps?

Have Recent Funding Reforms Widened the Family Background Gaps?

(p.57) 4 Have Recent Funding Reforms Widened the Family Background Gaps?
Family Background and University Success

Claire Crawford

Lorraine Dearden

John Micklewright

Anna Vignoles

Oxford University Press

This chapter explains how family background gaps in England in application and entry to university, and in the status of university entered, changed over the 10–15 years spanning the two big funding reforms described in Chapter 3. The chapter explains how the increases in tuition fees that occurred in 2006 and 2012 do not appear to have widened the socio-economic gap in university participation—although the analysis is careful to also point out the ‘soft’ nature of the evidence that is so far available. The picture for young people, the book’s focus, in fact altered little. Indeed, the participation rates of those from more disadvantaged backgrounds increased more rapidly than the participation rates of those from more advantaged backgrounds over this period, leading the socio-economic gap in university applications and entry to close a little bit.

Keywords:   Tuition fees, loans, England, application, entry, family background

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