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Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis$
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Sabina Alkire, James Foster, Suman Seth, Maria Emma Santos, José Manuel Roche, and Paola Ballon

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199689491

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689491.001.0001

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Overview of Methods for Multidimensional Poverty Assessment

Overview of Methods for Multidimensional Poverty Assessment

Chapter:
(p.70) 3 Overview of Methods for Multidimensional Poverty Assessment
Source:
Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis
Author(s):

Sabina Alkire

James Foster

Suman Seth

Maria Emma Santos

José Manuel Roche

Paola Ballón

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689491.003.0003

This chapter presents a constructive survey of the major existing methods for measuring multidimensional poverty. Many measures were motivated by the basic needs approach, the capability approach, and the social inclusion approach, among others. This chapter reviews dashboards, the composite indices approach, Venn diagrams, the dominance approach, statistical approaches, fuzzy sets, and the axiomatic approach. The first two methods (dashboard and composite indices) are implemented using aggregate data from different sources ignoring the joint distribution of deprivations. The other methods reflect the joint distribution, and are implemented using data in which information on each dimension is available for each unit of analysis. After outlining each method, we provide a critical evaluation by discussing its advantages and disadvantages.

Keywords:   multidimensional poverty measures, dashboard approach, composite indices, Venn diagrams, dominance approach, statistical approaches, fuzzy sets approach, axiomatic approach

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