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Processes of LifeEssays in the Philosophy of Biology$
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John Dupré

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199691982

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691982.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 April 2021

The Miracle of Monism

The Miracle of Monism

(p.21) 1 The Miracle of Monism
Processes of Life

John Dupré

Oxford University Press

This chapter defends a pluralistic view of science: the various projects of enquiry that fall under the general rubric of science share neither a methodology nor a subject matter. Ontologically, it is argued that sciences need have nothing in common beyond an antipathy to the supernatural. Epistemically one central virtue is defended, empiricism, meaning just that scientific knowledge must ultimately be answerable to experience. Prima facie science is as diverse as the world it studies; and rejection of this prima facie diversity in favour of a spurious aspiration to unity is grounded in a priori assumption not experience. Disunity, however, does not mean disconnectedness, and the connections between different areas of knowledge are an important theme in the book.

Keywords:   scientific pluralism, monism, naturalism, empiricism, unity of science

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