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The Evolution of Parental Care$
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Nick J. Royle, Per T. Smiseth, and Mathias Kölliker

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199692576

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692576.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 October 2021

Parental effects in development and evolution

Parental effects in development and evolution

(p.246) (p.247) Chapter 14 Parental effects in development and evolution
The Evolution of Parental Care

Tobias Uller

Oxford University Press

Parental effects — causal effects of the parental phenotype on offspring phenotype — involve many different mechanisms and occur at a variety of developmental stages, from the initiation of cell division and pattern formation in the early embryo to expression of behavioural phenotypes late in ontogeny. This chapter discusses the role of parental effects in evolution. It argues that parental effects contribute to the origin and recurrence of novel phenotypes, and that this makes them particularly useful for testing how developmental plasticity influences the evolutionary process. It outlines the relationships between developmentally entrenched and context-dependent parental effects and systems of inheritance, and shows how they emerge from evolutionary modifications of parental and offspring phenotypes.

Keywords:   developmental plasticity, inheritance, novel phenotypes, cell division, parental effects, behavioural phenotypes

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