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Innovation, Human Capabilities, and DemocracyTowards an Enabling Welfare State$
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Reijo Miettinen

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199692613

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692613.001.0001

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Introduction: The Finnish model of innovation and welfare

Introduction: The Finnish model of innovation and welfare

(p.1) 1 Introduction: The Finnish model of innovation and welfare
Innovation, Human Capabilities, and Democracy

Reijo Miettinen

Oxford University Press

The Nordic welfare states have been at top of the lists of national competiveness and innovativeness in the 2000s. The reasons for this include universal public services, high-level of education of the workforce, high-level of generalized trust that enhance economic interaction across boundaries, strong tradition of local governance as well as a large-scale participation in civic associations. An enabling welfare state can be regarded as the following stage in the development of the Nordic welfare state. It extends and develops further the capability cultivating public services created by the welfare state. It reformulates the idea of a virtuous cycle between equality, welfare, and economic development. It provides a viable alternative to the liberal models of policy making based on the introduction of markets and competition to the provision of basic services.

Keywords:   Nordic welfare states, universal public services, national competitiveness, innovation, markets, competition, equality, welfare, economic development

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