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Innovation, Human Capabilities, and DemocracyTowards an Enabling Welfare State$
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Reijo Miettinen

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199692613

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692613.001.0001

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NIS in innovation and technology policy research

NIS in innovation and technology policy research

(p.33) 3 NIS in innovation and technology policy research
Innovation, Human Capabilities, and Democracy

Reijo Miettinen

Oxford University Press

Chapter 3 analyzes the emergence and development of the concept of a national innovation system in innovation studies and in technology policy making. The concept was introduced in the late 1980s by the evolutionary economists of innovation to explain the differences in the rate of technological development and economic growth between nations. The other source of NIS comes from the idea of interactive learning, which was found to be important in the study of the national specificities of the small economies in the Nordic countries. The NIS approach, however, is poorly connected to general or dynamic systems thinking and it is controversial as to whether it is able to provide an alternative to market failure theory that has served as a key foundation for science and technology policymaking.

Keywords:   national innovation system, evolutionary economics of innovations, interactive learning, systems thinking

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