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Germany and the Holy Roman EmpireVolume II: The Peace of Westphalia to the Dissolution of the Reich, 1648-1806$
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Joachim Whaley

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199693078

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693078.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 31 July 2021

Consolidation and Crisis, 1705–1740: the Reich Under Joseph I and Charles VI

Consolidation and Crisis, 1705–1740: the Reich Under Joseph I and Charles VI

(p.103) II Consolidation and Crisis, 1705–1740: the Reich Under Joseph I and Charles VI
Germany and the Holy Roman Empire

Joachim Whaley

Oxford University Press

Joseph I and Charles VI had to deal with the turbulence arising from the War of Spanish Succession and faced significant challenges in Italy, the Low Countries and Spain. Confessional tensions increased over differing interpretations of the terms of the Peace of Westphalia and of the Treaty of Rijswijk (1697). Joseph I died after barely five years on the throne but Charles VI successfully exercised the imperial prerogatives established by Leopold I. He lacked an heir, however, and this gradually undermined his authority in the 1730s. Many have argued that these events reflected the decay and imminent collapse of the Reich, but in fact writing about the Reich in the print media, the production of JJ Moser's classic study of the Reichs constitution and an upsurge in patriotism (Gottsched and the ‘German Societies’) suggests that, while the dynasty faltered in 1740, the Reich itself was in good repair.

Keywords:   Joseph I, Charles VI, War of Spanish Succession, Treaty of Rijswijk, imperial succession, JJ Moser, patriotism, Gottsched, German Societies, print media, newspapers, reading public

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