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Germany and the Holy Roman EmpireVolume II: The Peace of Westphalia to the Dissolution of the Reich, 1648-1806$
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Joachim Whaley

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199693078

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693078.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 October 2021

The German Territories, c.1648–c.1760

The German Territories, c.1648–c.1760

(p.184) (p.185) III The German Territories, c.1648–c.1760
Germany and the Holy Roman Empire

Joachim Whaley

Oxford University Press

This section argues that absolutism is an inappropriate label to attach to the German territories. Government activity expanded in the face of the need for reconstruction after 1648 and new ideas about the nature of government developed in the early Aufklärung (German Enlightenment). Conditions varied between Austria and Brandenburg-Prussia and smaller counties, knights' territories and imperial cities. The period saw a renewal of the court as a central agency of government (manifested in the construction of new castles and palaces in the baroque style), the development of armies, new relationships between princes and their subjects, and developments in both government and private economic enterprise. Rulers sought to impose confessional uniformity and to control phenomena such as Catholic popular piety or Pietism (Spener) and Protestant revivalism. Ideas of religious toleration emerged, reacting against the confessional conflicts of the past, as well as new forms of territorial patriotism.

Keywords:   Absolutism, government, Aufklärung, reconstruction, Austria, Brandenburg-Prussia, imperial counts, imperial knights, imperial cities, the court, palaces, baroque style, economic enterprise, peasantry, Catholic piety, Pietism, revivalism, religious toleration, territorial patriotism

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