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How Fighting EndsA History of Surrender$
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Holger Afflerbach and Hew Strachan

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199693627

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.001.0001

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Surrender in World War II

(p.313) Introduction
How Fighting Ends

Gerhard L. Weinberg

Oxford University Press

Both sides in World War II expected the other to accept unconditional surrender. If Hitler had been overthrown by internal opposition there might have been a compromise peace. France and Finland were the only participants to secure an armistice. Stalin might have been interested in a separate peace with Germany but Hitler was not. German and Japanese war aims precluded serious negotiations. Concern over Germany's starting a third world war greatly influenced the Allies, and especially Roosevelt, to insist on unconditional surrender. Worry that Japanese soldiers might fight on after the occupation of the home islands and an official surrender led the Allies to agree to Japan keeping an imperial system subject to Allied command. The war ended with all participants on the defeated side with the exception of Finland completely occupied by the victors.

Keywords:   allies, armistice, Finland, France, Germany, Hitler, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Mussolini, Romania, Roosevelt, Stalin, unconditional surrender

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