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How Fighting EndsA History of Surrender$
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Holger Afflerbach and Hew Strachan

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199693627

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.001.0001

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Surrender in Ancient Rome

Surrender in Ancient Rome

(p.29) 3 Surrender in Ancient Rome
How Fighting Ends

Loretana de Libero

Oxford University Press

This chapter deals with the moment of surrender between the Romans and their enemies in the last two centuries B.C. It raises the question of why and when they stopped fighting, and how surrender was brought about. Moreover, it will work out motivations, expectations, and emotions of the individual soldiers as well as of their commanders, which finally led to their giving in — or not giving in. Based on case studies like the famous ‘Mancinus affair’ not only the fates of defeated generals, towns or peoples are to be analysed but also Roman values and legal procedures, especially, the practice and consequences of deditio, an act of surrender, which in itself is unconditional.

Keywords:   deditio, ius belli atquepacis, amicitia, foedus, sponsio, fides, mancinusaffair, Caudine Forks, Yoke, tabula Alcantarensis

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