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How Fighting EndsA History of Surrender$
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Holger Afflerbach and Hew Strachan

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199693627

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.001.0001

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Surrender in the Northeastern Borderlands of Native America

Surrender in the Northeastern Borderlands of Native America

(p.125) 8 Surrender in the Northeastern Borderlands of Native America
How Fighting Ends

William J. Campbell

Oxford University Press

This chapter seeks to identify shared motivations among indigenous communities for choosing to fight and surrender in early America. It is suggested that following Contact, Native Americans in the northeastern borderlands selectively altered traditional patterns of warfare to meet both individual and community needs. If objectives could not be met, indigenous combatants often retreated and sought to benefit from terms of surrender. Strategies of sustainability often took precedent. Thus, in Native America surrender and defeat could be honourable, and did not always signal weakness; to subscribe to that notion is to miss the utilitarian use of surrender in the history of the continent's first peoples.

Keywords:   Native Americans, North America, contact, colonization, borderlands, Indian wars

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